project 2

Islam In India

Islam is the second largest religion in India with 14.2% of the country's population or roughly 172 million people identifying as adherents of Islam 2011 census Islam first came to the western coast of India when Arab traders as early as the 7th century CE came to coastal Malabar and KonkanGujarat Cheraman Juma Mosque in Kerala is thought to be the first mosque in India, built in 629 CE by Malik Deenar.Following an expedition by the governor of Bahrain to Bharuch in the 7th century CE, immigrant Arab and Persian trading communities from South Arabia and the Persian Gulf began settling in coastal Gujarat. IsmailiShia Islam was introduced to Gujarat in the second half of the 11th century, when Fatimid Imam Al-Mustansir Billah sent missionaries to Gujarat in 467 AH/1073 CE. Islam arrived in North India in the 12th century via the Turkic invasions and has since become a part of India's religious and cultural heritage. Over the centuries, there has been significant integration of Hindu and Muslim cultures across India.and Muslims have played a prominent role in India's economic rise and cultural influence.

There is much historical evidence to show that Arabs and Muslims interacted with India and Indians from the very early days of Islam or even before the arrival of Islam in Arabia. Arab traders transmitted the numeral system developed by Indians to the Middle East and Europe.

Political History :

Bengal sultanate

Gujarat sultanate

Deccan sultanates


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